Book & Reviews

John Harris, The Guardian

The Economist

Andrew Hill, Financial Times

Diane Coyle, The Enlightened Economist

Ed Conway, The Times

Harry de Quetteville, Daily Telegraph

Greg Williams, Wired

Chris Dillow, Stumbling and Mumbling

Adi Gaskell, Forbers

John Thornhill, Financial Times

Patrick Bernau, Frankfurter Allgemeine

"The Technology Trap is a subtle, wide-reaching exploration of the relationship between technology and labor over centuries of history. Frey shows how the impacts of automation upon the British and American workforce have been shaped by changing power structures. In its attention to the detailed determinants of change, his book is a hugely welcome antidote to today’s surfeit of sweeping predictions about the future of work."

Baron Robert Skidelsky, Warwick University, author of Keynes: The Return of the Master

"Will machines equipped with artificial intelligence render the human race redundant? Is work as we know it about to be terminated? When we try to think about plausible futures, history is a better guide than science fiction. In this important new work of applied history, Oxford economic historian Carl Benedikt Frey draws on the experience of the first and second industrial revolutions, as well as the first computer revolution, to offer answers to some of the burning questions of our time. His key point -- that technological disruption of the labor market is usually painful in the short run, whatever the long-run benefits of innovation -- is of vital importance to voters and policy-makers alike." 

Niall Ferguson, Hoover Institution, Stanford, author of The Ascent of Money

“How will artificial intelligence affect the future of work? In The Technology Trap, Frey answers this question through a comprehensive, insightful analysis of the relationship between technological advances and work, from preindustrial society through the Computer Revolution. He predicts that intelligent machines will reduce the demand for human labor while yielding significant productivity gains. Societies will differ in how they choose to distribute these gains."

Laura Tyson, University of California, Berkeley, Chair of the President's Council of Economic Advisers in the Clinton Administration

"In this book, Carl Frey brings a new perspective, that of historical experience, to tackle some of the most important issues of our time. Offering the clearest account that I have read in quite a while regarding current problems around employment, technology, economic performance, and globalization, Frey provides the technological background to Thomas Piketty’s analysis of inequality, Capital in the Twenty-First Century."

Jane Humphries, All Souls College, University of Oxford, author of Childhood and Child Labour in the British Industrial Revolution

"Carl Frey’s highly original, admirably engaging, and deeply researched book should be read by anyone interested in how technological change will disrupt not only our jobs, but also our politics and society. By comparing the current age of disruptive technological change with the Industrial Revolution, The Technology Trap provides unique and timely insights which we ignore at our peril."

Ian Goldin, Oxford Martin School & Balliol College, Oxford University, author of The Age of Discovery

Joshua Kim, Inside Higher Ed

Steve LeVine, Axios Future

Vanessa Bates Ramirez, Singularity Hub

Alexander Field,

Stephan Scheuer, Handelsblatt

Oscar Schwartz, Stanford Social Innovation Review

Joel Mokyr, The Journal of Economic History

John Judis, The National Interest

For media and speaking inquiries,

please use the contact form

© 2019 Carl Benedikt Frey

  • Black Twitter Icon
  • Black LinkedIn Icon